Australian Aborigines

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There is a theory that states the earliest man came from Africa many millions of years ago and certain types of man left this place and started to evolve while the people they left behind kept doing the same rituals they did for centuries. In Europe people where starting to build castles, bridges and giant boats that could cross the seas while in Australia the Australian aborigines who had migrated from Asia thousands of years before will still cooking with an open fire and hunting with pack dogs, boomerangs and spears. The different tribes all around Australia had their own different ways in life such as the nomads that lived in the deserts and the nomads that roamed the forests and beaches. Some would hunt with dogs while others ate grubs for a meal however all of them could always find water in the very harsh Australian outback.

The Australian aborigines used make shift shelters such as bark huts or huts made from mud and straw. This was because they only stayed in one place for so long so that they would not take all the resources which would mean there was more when they came back years later. Some aboriginal tribes where known to burn off the land after they had harvested it because the Australian bush trees required fire to burst their seed pods so that new life could grow again. The fire was very beneficial to the forests which rejuvenated like new each time so that when another tribe would come along the area was lush and full of life to hunt and survive from. The aboriginal people are the perfect trackers and know how to use the land to their advantage.

Even though aboriginals are said to have inhabited Australia for nearly one hundred thousand years the oldest bones that have been found where only forty thousand years, quite a few thousand short of the hundred. Like most tribal communities and many of the island communities the aborigines of Australia had their own gods, stories about creation and their own theories on life. They were very respectful of the land which they lived on so that there would be enough for the next generation. Unfortunately when the white man colonized the country the aborigines where made outcasts and treated like slaves and second class citizens. These days the aboriginal people have many rights and government grants such as free land, houses, cars and living utilities.

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Australian Aborigines Music

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 03 Oct 2012  | Spread the word !

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The Australian Aborigines, the heirs of the most ancient wisdom of the world, possess a beautiful and original culture which also reflects in their music. The various Indigenous Australian communities have developed unique musical instruments and folk styles.

The didgeridoo, also known as a didjeridu or didge, is a wind instrument developed by the Indigenous Australians of northern Australia. They created this musical instrument about 1,500 years ago, but it is still in widespread use nowadays both in Australia and worldwide. It is sometimes described as a natural wooden trumpet or “drone pipe”. However, musicologists classify it as a brass aerophone. Traditionally, the instrument was played by people of only the eastern Kimberley region and Arnhem Land, and then by only the men.


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Clapping sticks were also invented by the Australian Aborigines. They probably are the most ubiquitous musical instrument, especially since they help maintain rhythm for songs. Unlike drumsticks, which are typically used to strike a drum, clapsticks are intended for striking one stick on another. They traditionally accompany the didgeridoo and are called bimii in the language of Aborigines of Northeast Arhhem Land, Australia.


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Below you can hear a beautiful sample of traditional music of Australia’s native people. This masterpiece of Aboriginal folk music and the fascinating sound of the didgeridoo will definitely impress you. The song was composed and is performed by Richard Walley, one of the greatest and most famous Australian Aboriginal composers and musicians. So, enjoy this excerpt of Indigenous tribal music!

Nowadays, contemporary Australian aboriginal music is predominantly of the country music genre. More recently, influences of hip hop, reggae, and rock and roll have also started to show. These influences are also visible in the young people’s clothing styles.

Christine Anu (born 15 March 1970) and Jessica  Mauboy (born 4 August 1989) are two of the most beloved Australian Aborigin singers of our time. Both of them are pop artists and have had a huge success with their music. Below you can watch a video for My Island Home, a beautiful song performed by Christine Anu, and another one for What Happened to Us, an R&B song performed by Jessica  Mauboy.

Now that you got a taste of the original Aboriginal music and the modern sound of Indigenous people, you can see how much they differ. Nevertheless, both music styles are very enjoyable.

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Truganini

Filed under: Famous Aborigines - 02 Aug 2012  | Spread the word !

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Truganini is the woman who was supposedly the last full blood Palawa, meaning Tasmanian Aborigine. It is not clear what was her name exactly, as she was also known as Trugernanner, Trucanini, Lalla Rooke and Trucaninny.

She was born in 1812 in Bruny Island , Australia, as the daughter of the Chief of the Bruny Island People, Mangana. Her early life was not very happy: her mother was killed by whalers, her sisters were abducted and sold as slaves and her fiancée died while saving her when she was on the verge of being abducted herself. All these happened before she turned 18. She eventually married a man named Woorrady, but he died while she was still in her 20s.

In 1824, George Arthur decided to capture Aborigines, but 6 years later, George Augustus Robinson, their protector, moved Truganini and her husband together with the last surviving Tasmanian Aborigines (about 100 people) on Flinders Island. Most of the people in the group died because of the flu, but she survived.

For two years, the restrained group lived as outlaws. When a few members of the group killed two whalers at Cape Paterson, they were captured, judged and hanged in Melbourne. In the same time, Truganini was shot in the head, but she was treated and sent back to Flinders Island. In 1956, Truganini with a the few remaining members of the group were moved to Oyster Cove.

Later in her life, she married another Tasmanian whose name is not known, just his nickname – King Billy. He died in 1871. Two years later, Truganini was the only Tasmanian still living from the initial group which had 100 people. She was moved to Hobart, where she died in 1876. She wanted her ashes to be scatters in D’Entrecasteaux Channel, but she was buried in a suburb of Hobart. As the centennial of her death approached, she was finally cremated and scattered as she wished.

Truganini was the last full-blood speaker of her native language. Unfortunately not many things remained behind after she was gone, but stories about her and pictures with her are cherished by Australians Aborigines and are an important part of the Tasmanian culture.

 

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The Interesting Culture Of Australian Aborigines

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 10 Jul 2012  | Spread the word !

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Source Australian aborigines are the most important indigenous people in Australia. Throughout the years they lived in numerous climatic changes and adapted to different environments. This is how they formed their culture and habits. For instance, it is well known the fact Australian aboriginal people used fire with a wide range of purposes. Fire was used to encourage the growth of plants, to reduce the risk of catastrophic bushfires, but also to make travel much easier, to eliminate pests and naturally fire was also used during ceremonies. There are known to have existed numerous Australian aboriginal tribes, with different habits and a whole different culture and lifestyle. They actually spoke more than 250 different languages. In the coldest areas of the country, they actually built whole villages only leaving them with the purpose to find food.

When it comes to believes, we can sure say that they were common among all Australian aboriginal people. These people believed that their ancestors had supernatural powers and lived in sacred places. They were celebrated during religious and spiritual ceremonies or activities. Australian aboriginal people used body paintings during spiritual celebrations, depending on the local mythology. All tribes, which were actually called clans, need to hunt for food. Men usually killed largest animals using all kind of weapons, while women the smaller ones and also plants. They taught their children hunting techniques since a very early age. They food actually was very healthy. Australian aboriginal people used various plants with medicinal purposes and they actually were really creative people.

Australian aborigines used religious symbols and their own believes in arts, song and dance. Through dance, Australian aboriginal people communicated with their ancestors, while their art is still visible on rocks. In fact, historical records show that by the time when Englishmen arrived in this country, the Australian aboriginal people culture was too complex for them to understand it. Relationships between them were defined by family roles. The society was based on a set of obligations between the individual and the ones whom he was related to by marriage. Health was however the most important problem for Australian aboriginal people, while marriage for these people was extremely complicated. Most commonly, husbands were much older than their wifes. Understanding these people and their culture may not be very simple, but we can surely say that this is an absolutely fascinating world.

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Who Are Australian Aborigines and Where Do They Come From

Filed under: The Culture of Australian Aborigines - 16 May 2012  | Spread the word !

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Australian Aborigines are the people who are indigenous to the Australian continent, meaning the first people to step foot on this continent. Also known as Aboriginal Australians, they have a history of more than 60,000 years. Some people even say that they have been inhabiting Australia for more than 120,000 years now, but no conclusive evidence has yet been found in order to support this theory. At the time of their arrival on the continent, an ice age was just ending and huge amounts of ice were present at the poles of the planet. The ice caps were very large on the north and south poles, causing the oceans to be 400 to 600 ft lower then they are now.

This led to Australia extending much farther into the ocean than it currently does. Moreover, Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania were all part of the same continent and were only separated from the Asian landmass by 80 miles, at the widest gap of water. Since people who had already spread throughout the Indonesian islands were probably seeing smoke coming from the Australian bush fires, this is the most logical explanation of the existence of people in Australia back then. Once people started to come to Australia, the population soon began to spread along the coastline to the southern parts of the continent, some of them even crossing a land bridge to Tasmania. Soon after, Aborigines were already inhabiting most of the continent. Nowadays, the Aborigines are considered to be one of the oldest human races, together with the Bushmen and pygmies. Their physical appearance is very different from what we are used to. Australian Aborigines have abundant beards, a lot of body hair, slimmer lips, a tilted front, prominent eye ridge and aquiline noses. They are also shorter.

Once European colonization started, they began to retreat to the inner deserts and steppes. Nowadays, the Aboriginal population makes for about 2% of Australia’s population, which is the equivalent of about 500,000 people. The numerous groups of Australian Aborigines evolved differently in the different parts of Australia, which led to a wide array of cultures and languages. They are all different from one another, but still share the same basic beliefs, such as the Dreaming (or the Dreamtime). They also believe that their ancestors metamorphosed into nature (forming rock formations or rivers) and, therefore, they remain spiritually alive. These people are very different from us, but they sure are very interesting.

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Australian Aborigines Facts And Notable People

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 12 Apr 2012  | Spread the word !

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Australian Aborigines, also known as Aboriginal Australian are the original indigenous people that resided on the Australian continent. Their culture is fascinating and although they represent just 2.3% of the population of Australia, they are very important. The Australian Aborigines also have a flag. This was designed by one of the Australian Aborigines, named Harold Thomas, in 1971. Ever since, it is used as one of the official flags of the country. The total population of Australian Aborigines existing today is of 517,000 people, most of them live in the Northern Territory, about 32.5%. The rest of the Australian Aborigines, between 1 and 4% of the total are spread in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria. They used to have hundreds of languages, but in present, the majority of them are no longer spoken, although some still use Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English or Kriol.

The origins of Australian Aborigines are yet to be determined. The migration theory is more or less accepted and following genetic studies, it seems that the Australian Aborigines are a totally different race. A 2011 study provided information that shows that Australian Aborigines split from the European and Asians about 75,000 years ago, even before the Europeans and Asians split. They came to Australia and this became their most important continuously occupied territory. The Australian Aborigines are also divided in other groups, mostly with geographical references, like: Bama, Koori, Murri, Noongar, Nunga, Palawah or Anangu.

Notable Australian Aborigines are Douglas Nicholls, David Wirrpanda, Adam Goodes, Truganini, Bronwyn Bancroft and Jessica Mauboy. Douglas Nicholls belonged to the Yorta Yorta people. He was a professional athlete, a pastor and eventually became the first of the Australian Aborigines people to be named governor. David Wirrpanda is a former famous footballer. Adam Goodes is also a professional footballer with Australian Aborigines heritage. Truganini was the last women to be considered a total Palawa with Tasmanian origins. Bronwyn Bancroft is the first Australian Aborigines fashion designer that was invited to a Paris fashion show. Jessica Mauboy is a singer and an actress with Australian Aborigines heritage.

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Facts About Australian Aborigines Settlement

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 22 Mar 2012  | Spread the word !

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Australia is the last land in the world to be discovered by the European navigators and settlers. Naturally, Europeans were in the search of new territories to explore when they found Australia. The moment when explores found this land, they actually had no idea that the continent was lived by Australian aborigines, thousands of years before their arrival in the area. In fact, nowadays researchers claim that the first Australian aborigines migrated in this area about 70,000 years ago. The first Australian aborigines tribe is known to be called “Gracile” and archaeologists say that they migrated in the area more than 50,000 years ago.

Australian aborigines settled all around the continent, including the area on which Tasmania is now located, but also the desert territory. One of the main reasons why Australian aborigines settled on this continent is linked to the impressive, rich, natural resources of the area. Over the continent, Australian aborigines were able to find numerous plant species, but also wildlife, to ensure their food. Australia was a place in which fruits, roots, fish and reptiles were easily accessible to the initial inhabitants. Historical records show that more than 500 Australian aborigines tribes settled in this area. These tribes were in a constant move in the search for food and water.

One of the most important events which was to chance the live of Australian aborigines took place in 1788, when English settlers discovered the area. As the English moved in this unexploited paradise, the Australian aborigines were forced to move from the area. Much of their art was destroyed during those days. As imagined, things changed a lot during the years and the remaining Australian aborigines tribes are very much respected nowadays, along with their art, historical heritage and culture. Nowadays, tourists are charmed by the impressive culture of Australian aborigines, which they can enter into contact with each time when being on this wonderful continent. One of the most important aspect linked to the cultural heritage of Australian aborigines is their traditional dance, which was part of every day life.

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Australian Aborigines Descendants

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 15 Feb 2012  | Spread the word !

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The Australian aborigines and their culture represent an important part of the Australian history. Australian aborigines tribes were the first that settled here and so, they are profoundly connected to this land. Nowadays, there are few Australian aborigines tribes that survived, but their descendants are living in the modern world. They established special organisations that have as main mission to encourage keeping Australian aborigines culture and traditions alive. In these associations, the descendants of Australian aborigines  gather to share stories and experiences, also organising different events that are typical for their culture. In case you will arrive in Australia,  do not forget to visit one of these organisations or a museum that is dedicated to Australian aborigines history.

There are showcased numerous old and very fascinating exhibits that will take you back in time. Your visit to such a place, will be as a journey back in time and with each exhibits, you will discover new things about Australian aborigines. For example, you will find out that Australian aborigines were once slaves, but today they have been integrated in the modern society, as they are very important for its history and evolution. The Australian aborigines had interesting and different lifestyles than we have today, so when arriving in Australia you may have the opportunity to meet a descendant and unknown things will be revealed.

You will find out more about their agriculture, farming, language, traditions, important events in their history, so it will surely be an exciting and fascinating experience. The Australian aborigines descendants are friendly people that are glad each time they have the opportunity to talk about themselves and their evolution. In case you are a history enthusiast, visit a museum or an organisation where you will have the opportunity to talk directly to their descendants. Such an experience will always be fascinating and unforgettable. You will get a better picture about how this area developed and which were the most important evolution stages. Enrich your knowledge and enjoy a wonderful trip to Australia and find out more about the humanity evolution, which is a very interesting topic.

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Meet Australian Aborigines

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 19 Jan 2012  | Spread the word !

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If you are ever in Australia, you should know that their first populations of Australian aborigines still have some descendants living here and you can meet them and learn more about their culture. The Australian aborigines can be found in certain regional groups. You can inform yourself from this website, in order to see where they live and how you can approach them. Through this, you will be able to get all the most accurate knowledge on Australian aborigines and heritage. This is the best opportunity for people to take if they are interested in different kinds of cultures or want to do research for academic papers on Australian aborigines.

Any family of Australian aborigines will be able to provide general information on their background for you. This means that you will find out how their ancestors used to live and what were the main features of their lifestyles. Australian aborigines heritage is connected to the establishment of these people in the uncharted territories of Australia. They will reveal how the first members of the groups came here to build huts and various forms of housing. In addition to this, you can learn more about the way they managed to survive and form a population in the area. Information on agricultural background, farming and raising animals will be provided from the older members of the Australian aborigines community. If you are focusing on the linguistic development, you should know that the first Australian aborigines settlers formed several types of languages here. Some of them are still kept and used, but you will find that only parts of the vocabulary have been passed on to future generations.

The Australian aborigines are a very interesting population to meet. If you are visiting Australia, make sure that you get informed on where their communities are located. They are kind and hospitable people, so they will surely provide you with all the information you require. You can ask in order to know more for your studies or for your general knowledge and find out how they lived, what occupations they had and so on.

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Find Out More About Australian Aborigines

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 29 Nov 2011  | Spread the word !

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There are lots of incredible and famous places and countries for their tourist attractions and for the great services they ensure, but if you have never been to Australia, it is time to do it! Or, even if you have already been to Australia, it is so large and beautiful that you will always discover new things. It is a fascinating place with many nice and interesting things to offer you. In Australia, tourists will find entertainment and sports facilities, cultural and educational possibilities as well as adventure. In case you are a history enthusiastic or you like to find out new things about the past of different places, then in Australia you have the opportunity to find out about Australian aborigines. 

There are many theories about how the first humans traveled and managed to populate other parts of the world and the same thing happened with Australian aborigines. Today, in Australia, still live the progeniture of Australian aborigines. Australian aborigines had their gods, their own traditions and beliefs. In Australia, you will find many cultural buildings dedicated to Australian aborigines, so they have finally found a way and a place to express themselves and their culture. In the past, Australian aborigines were slaves, but today, government protects them by offering them places to stay and the opportunity to integrate in society as well as they can.

Most Australian aborigines are classified and named by their language and are divided into several groups, but each group of Australian aborigines is different from the others. Australian aborigines manage to take us back in time and  they are the proof how this area developed and how was populated. Australian aborigines speak many dialects, so you will not find one group similar to other, so the diversity is amazing. Going on a trip to Australia will definitely stay in your mind forever! You will have the opportunity to find out new and very interesting things about the history of this place. It will be all as a fairytale, so beautiful and mysterious that you will want to return as soon as you can!

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Australian Aborigines Groups

Filed under: Australian Aborigines - 20 Oct 2011  | Spread the word !

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When someone says ‘Australian Aborigines’, we immediately think about the population that used to live in antiquity, about the ancestors of the Australian population. While it is true that Australian Aborigines are the indigenous people of the continent Australia, few people know that there are still many regional groups that currently live there. The Australian Aborigines are said to be the earliest humans living on this planet. Although nobody can tell for sure, history researchers estimate that the Australian Aborigines date back as far as 120.000 years ago.

By the 19th century, the Australian Aborigines population declined significantly, with less than 95.000 individuals remaining. At the time of the permanent European settlement, the Australian Aborigines population was estimated at between 318.000 and 750.000. As I said, the Australian Aborigines are divided into several regional groups. Every indigenous community is different one from another, and each group has its own culture, language and customs. These Australian Aborigines groups are mostly named after their language. The Koori are the Australian Aborigines  who live in New South Wales and Victoria. The Ngunnawal people live in the Canberra region, which is the Australian Capital Territory. Then, we have the Murri people, who are native from Queensland and some New South Wales parts. Similar in name, the Murrdi people occupy the Southwest and Central Queensland.

In the southern and central Western Australia we can find the Nyungar and Yamatji people, respectively. The Wangai Australian Aborigines live in the Western Australia Goldfields, and they had an important part in the discovery of gold. The southern South Australia region is the home of the Nunga, and the northern South Australia is where the Anangu Australian Aborigines live. The Yapa people are established in the western central Northern Territory, and the Yolngu in the eastern Arnhem Land. The Tiwi people are the inhabitants of the Tiwi Islands, which are in the Arnehm Land as well. Then we have the Anindilyakwa people, who live in Groote Eylandt, in the Gulf of Carpentaria. And last but not least, we have the Palawah people, who live in Tasmania. These Australian Aborigines groups can be further subdivided, depending mostly on their languages and dialects, but there is no doubt that their culture is fascinating and that they represent the most intriguing people on this planet,

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